The need of machine learning in test automation


Artificial intelligence (AI) is a conception that envisages the creation of machines capable of performing human tasks. Machine learning could be a subset of AI that permits devices to learn for themselves from data.

Machine learning creates a powerful impact on the software and mobile app automation testing. Numerous testers and QA bands are incorporating test automation in their companies. Machine learning is serving manual testers by streamlining their chores. This helps companies deliver refined quality and reduced labor in a shorter time.

Hence, manual testers must know about automation testing. This fashion of testing helps save time and expense. It also helps increase test coverage and enhance the precision and morale of the QA team.

6 Effects to reckon When employing Machine Learning & AI in Test Automation
  • Visual Testing (UI)
    Visual testing is a quality assuredness activity of software developers. They estimate whether the application appears and performs the way it was aimed for the end-user. It’s significant to distinguish the kinds of patterns machine learning can recognize.

A deep learning tool or system is, thus, better suited for visual review of web or mobile operations. It provides quick and precise results. By creating an easy machine learning test, developers can automatically discover visual bugs and escape manual work.

  • API Testing
    Application Programming Interface (API Testing) is a software or mobile app automation testing class that enables communication and data trade between two software networks. The benefit of API testing is that it can pinpoint application bugs better than UI testing. It’s effortless to look at the code when the test fails. It also can withstand application modification which makes it easier to automate.

While testing at the API level, you demand better technical proficiency and tools to induce comprehensive test content.

  • Domain Knowledge
    Having domain proficiency is pivotal in software and mobile app automated testing. Whether manual or automated testing, you can test the operations better with artificial intelligence.

While applying AI in test automation, it’s essential to understand how the application will perform and profit the enterprise. While running test automation, you can anticipate failure in the outcomes. QA teams should quickly gauge the disfigurement within the application, whether trivial, significant, or crucial.

  • Spidering AI
    The most popularized approach to writing test scripts in test automation is finished through spidering. It has an attribute through which you can point at your web operation employing AI/ ML tools. It then begins to crawl over the process automatically by scanning and collecting data.

Spidering AI will be conducive to understanding which corridor of an application should be tested. Machine learning will carry out hefty tasks, and a tester will have to attest to the preciseness of the results.

  • Test Scripts
    Software testers will find it problematic to see the volume of tests demanded when a code is altered. AI based automated testing tools forecast whether an application requires numerous tests or not.

There are two advantages of running tests utilizing AI. You can cease running tests unnecessarily and save additional time. It’s handy to probe the overall performance without reiterating the test scripts. Hence, you don’t need to cover it on every occasion manually.

  • Robotic Test Automation (RPA)
    Robotic process automation( RPA) refers to software that performs re-iterative business operations with no human dealings. It helps in automating existing interfaces in IT networks and maintains them comprehensively. RPA scans the screen, navigates the systems, and subsequently identifies and gathers data.
    The leading edges of RPA are scalability, codeless testing, expenditure savings, enhanced productivity, precise results, and flexibility.
Ways ML Can enhance Test Automation

Scaling test automation and maneuvering it is challenging for DevOps teams. They can employ ML both in the platform’s test automation authoring and execution phases and the post-execution test dissection that includes looking at trends and impact on the company.

Let’s consider the root causes of why test automation is so unstable without the use of ML technologies.

  • The web and mobile app test automation stability are frequently impacted by elements that are either dynamic by description (e.g., reply native apps) or altered by the developers.
  • Testing stability can also be affected when changes are made to the data that the test is dependent on, or more generally, changes are made directly to the app (i.e., new screens, buttons, user flows, or user inputs are appended).
  • Non-ML test scripts are static, so they can not automatically accommodate and overcome the changes described above—this impotence to adjust results in test failures, flaky tests, inconsistent test data, and more.
Some specific ways that machine learning can be precious for DevOps teams make sense of extremely high amounts of test data

Organizations that apply continuous testing within Agile and DevOps execute a large diversity of testing types numerous times. This includes unit, functional, API, accessibility, integration, and distinctive testing types.

The volume of test data created grows significantly with each test execution, making the decision-making course intense. Machine learning in test reporting and analysis makes life easier for administrators by understanding where the product’s crucial issues, imaging the most unstable test cases, and other areas to rivet on. Without the help of AI or ML, the work is error-prone and occasionally undoable. With AI/ ML, interpreters of test data analysis have the chance to add features around.

  • Test impact analysis
  • Security holes
  • Platform-specific blights
  • Test ambient instabilities
  • Recurring patterns in test failures
  • Application element locators’ friability       


Make applicable opinions around quality for specific releases

With DevOps, feature squads are delivering new pieces of code and worth to clients nearly daily. Making out the level of grade, usability, and other aspects of code quality on each attribute is a huge benefit to the inventors.

  • Squads can swiftly improve their maturity and deliver better code by harnessing AI/ML to examine the new regulation, assay security issues automatically, and identify test coverage gaps.
  • With AI/ML algorithms, such decision-making could be framed fluently by automatically authenticating and equating between distinct releases based on predefined datasets and acceptance yardsticks.

Enhance test stability over time through self-healing and other test impact analysis (TIA) capabilities

In conventional software, web, or mobile app test automation systems, the test architects often struggle to continuously keep up the scripts each time a new frame is being delivered for testing. In consummate cases, these events disintegrate the test automation scripts — either due to a new element ID introduced in the previous app or a new platform-specific credential was added that interferes with the test execution stream. In the mobile terrain specifically, new OS versions generally change the UI and append new alerts to the app, which breaks a regular test automation script.

With AI/ ML and self-healing capacities, a test automation architecture can automatically pinpoint the alteration made to an element locator (ID) or a screen that was added between predefined test automation course, and either snappily fix them on the cover, or alert and suggest the quick fix to the developers.
An added asset would also be reducing “noise” within the channel. Squads will get time back to concentrate on fundamental issues by proactively barring them through AI.


When allowing ML within the DevOps pipeline, it’s also carping to consider how ML is suitable for analyzing and watching ongoing CI builds and pointing out trends within build-acceptance testing, unit or API testing, and other testing fields. In reality, CI builds are often friable. With ML penetrating this process, the straightaway value is a shorter cycle and more stable builds, which translates into lightning feedback to developers and cost savings to the business.

There’s no skepticism that ML will shape the coming generation of software errors with new grades and family of issues and augment the quality and effectiveness of releases.


EuroSTAR Huddle shares articles from our community. Check out our library of online talks from test experts and come together with the community in-person at the annual EuroSTAR Software Testing Conference. The EuroSTAR Conference has been running since 1993 and is the largest testing event in Europe, welcoming 1000+ software testers and QA professionals every year. We also have a new Test Automation Conference – AutomationSTAR taking place in Germany.

About the Author


As a sr. test automation engineer, my work involves automating testing procedures to make sure that a company’s product satisfies product quality standards.
Find out more about @michael_perez

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