Apache Spark vs Apache Hadoop: Compare data science tools

There are many tools available to help data scientists wrangle and analyse data. Two of the most popular are Apache Spark and Apache Hadoop. Here we will compare and contrast the two tools to help you decide which is right for your needs.

Spark is a fast, in-memory data processing engine with robust support for SQL, streaming, and machine learning. Hadoop is an open-source platform that runs distributed storage and processing on large datasets.

What is Apache Spark?

Apache Spark is a powerful data processing engine that is designed to handle large-scale data processing. It is an open source project that was started by the Apache Software Foundation. Spark can be used for a variety of data processing tasks, including ETL, machine learning, and streaming.

Spark is written in Scala and runs on the JVM. It can be used with Java, Python, and R. Spark has several advantages over Hadoop, including better performance, ease of use, and support for multiple languages.

Spark also has a number of disadvantages, including its lack of maturity relative to Hadoop and its dependency on the Hadoop ecosystem.

What is Apache Hadoop?

Apache Hadoop is an open-source software framework for storing data and running applications on clusters of commodity hardware. It provides a distributed file system, MapReduce programming model, and

support for multiple languages.


Hadoop Training was designed to handle large amounts of data efficiently, and it is often used for big data applications. Its distributed file system can scale to petabytes of data, and its MapReduce programming model can process large amounts of data in parallel. Hadoop is written in Java, but it supports many other languages, including Python, C++, and R.


Features of Apache Spark

Spark is a quick and easy way to get started with data analysis. It offers a wide range of features, including:

  • A unified interface for working with structured and unstructured data
  • Support for a wide range of programming languages, including Java, Python, R, and Scala
  • An interactive shell for running Spark commands
  • Built-in support for MLlib, Spark’s machine learning library

Spark is also highly scalable, allowing you to run applications on a cluster of hundreds or even thousands of nodes. And because it’s open source, there’s an active community of developers always working to improve Spark.


Features of Apache Hadoop

When it comes to big data processing, Apache Hadoop and Apache Spark are two of the most popular technologies. Here’s a look at some of the key features of each:


Apache Hadoop is an open source big data platform that can handle a variety of data types, including structured, unstructured, and streaming data. It’s 

  • Scalable: Hadoop clusters can start small and grow to accommodate increasing amounts of data.
  • Flexible: Hadoop can be used for a variety of workloads, including batch processing, interactive SQL queries, and real-time stream processing.
  • Fault-tolerant: Hadoop’s distributed file system can store large amounts of data reliably, even if individual nodes fail.

Apache Spark is an open source big data platform that is designed for speed and ease of use.


Apache Spark vs Apache Hadoop: Compare data science tools

There are many data science tools available today. Two of the most popular are Apache Spark and Apache Hadoop. Both have their own strengths and weaknesses. Here is a comparison of the two:

Apache Spark is a newer technology that was designed to improve upon the shortcomings of Apache Hadoop. Spark is faster and more flexible than Hadoop, making it a better choice for iterative tasks or tasks that require low-latency processing. However, Spark requires more resources than Hadoop and can be more difficult to configure and administrate.

Apache Hadoop is a tried-and-true technology that has been around for many years. It is more stable and easier to use than Spark, making it a good choice for large-scale batch jobs. However, Hadoop is slower than Spark and can be less efficient with processing data.


Apache Spark vs Apache Hadoop: which is the best choice

There are many data science tools available today. Two of the most popular are Apache Spark and Apache Hadoop. Both have their pros and cons, so which one is the best choice?

Apache Spark is a newer tool than Apache Hadoop. It is faster and easier to use than Hadoop. However, it is not as widely supported by the community and does not have as many features.

Apache Hadoop is a more established tool. It is slower and more difficult to use than Spark, but it has more features and better support from the community.

So, which one should you choose? If you need speed and ease of use, go with Spark. If you need more features and better support, go with Hadoop.


In conclusion, Apache Spark is a newer technology than Apache Hadoop, and it is generally faster and more efficient. However, both are valid options for data science projects. The choice between the two depends on the specific needs of the project.

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About the Author

Ronan Healy

Hi everyone. I'm part of the EuroSTAR team. I'm here to help you engage with the EuroSTAR Huddle Community and get the best out of your membership. Together with software testing experts, we have a range of webinars and eBooks for you to enjoy and we have lots of opportunities for you to come together online. If you have any thoughts about the community, please get in contact with me.
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