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Test Techniques For The Test Analyst

Reading Time: 1 minute

Test techniques have been around for many years. They are used explicitly or implicitly by most testers. There are many sources of information with respect to test techniques, their methods and coverage measures. It is not the intention of this e-book to completely repeat or re-iterate such information. This e-book intents to provide a to-the-point overview of the most popular test techniques.

This overview will support the test technique selection process when determining a test strategy or test approach. It also looks at a number of reasons why we should consider the use of test techniques as a part of our everyday test activities and who should be looking to use them.

Specification-based test techniques have a more-or-less standard procedure for deriving test cases from requirements documents. For each specification-based technique described, a list of characteristics is provided and the level of (requirements) coverage that can be achieved is discussed.

Experience-based testing, e.g., exploratory testing, is a powerful approach to testing. In many situations, it has shown to be very productive. There isn’t a tester yet who didn’t, at least unconsciously, perform experience-based testing at one time or another. The three most popular experience-based techniques are described in this e-book

Key Takeaways:

  • Explain the most popular specification-based and experience-based test techniques
  • Understand the key characteristics for the various test techniques
  • Recall the procedure for deriving test cases using a specification-based technique
  • Compare specification-based techniques to experience-based techniques
  • Recommend the most appropriate test techniques in a specific situation.
Editor's Image

Erik van Veeneddaal

Dr. Erik van Veenendaal, CISA (, is a leading international consultant and trainer, and a recognized expert in the area of software testing and requirement engineering. Erik is the (co-)author of numerous papers and a number of books on software quality and testing. He is a regular speaker, e.g., running a tutorial on test design techniques, at both national and international testing conferences and a leading international trainer in the field of software testing. Since its foundation in 2002, Erik has been strongly involved in the International Software Testing Qualifications Board (ISTQB). From 2005 to 2009, he was the vice president of the ISTQB organization; he currently is the president for the Curaçao Testing Qualifications Board (CTQB). Erik one of the core developers of the TMap test methodology and the TMMi test improvement model, and currently the CEO of the TMMi Foundation. For his major contribution to the field of testing, Erik received the European Testing Excellence Award (2007) and the ISTQB International Testing Excellence Award (2015).

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